Signs of Traumatic Brain Injury

Personal injury attorneys work through cases involving various injuries, including fractured spines, burns, broken legs, sprains, and head injuries. One of the most severe injuries that personal injury attorneys work through is traumatic brain injuries. Traumatic brain injuries range on a scale from mild to severe, and may lead to neurobiological injuries, generating lifelong damages, also varying from mild to severe. Moderate brain injury involves lost consciousness, ranging from approximately 20 minutes to 6 hours. Severe brain injury involves lost consciousness for greater than 6 hours. The impact of moderate to severe brain injury is dependent upon the severity of the initial injury, the range of physiological recovery, affected functionality, resources available to help recovery, and affected functionality aside from the traumatic brain injury.


Cognitive deficits involve various functioning difficulties, that impact an individual’s daily functioning after an event. Throughout a lawsuit, attorneys explore all of the differences between an individual’s cognitive deficit post-accident, and how that individual’s daily life is affected. Cognitive deficits include complications with attention, concentration, distractability, memory, processing speed, confusion, preservation, impulsiveness, and language processing. All of these variables are part of regular behavior, which is why they all play a predominant role in traumatic brain injury. Speech and language also involve daily functioning, including how we communicate with others, how we process ideas mentally, how we complete our school or work projects, how we read, and how we remember past events. Traumatic brain injuries affect speech and language in various ways, including not understanding the spoken word, difficulty speaking, difficulty being understood, slurred speech, speaking rapidly, speaking slowly, difficulty reading, and difficulty writing.


The five human senses are the mechanism for how we perceive the world. Sight allows us to visually interpret our experiences, seeing our loved ones, reading through complex work instructions or documents, and recognizing how others look. Smell allows us to smell baked goods in the oven, and is the sense that is most strongly associated with memory. Hearing allows us to learn the alphabet as children, and listen to our favorite music as adults. Touch allows us to perceive different textures. Taste allows us to taste our favorite foods, with different spices and seasonings. The five senses are all vital to our daily functioning and processes, and losing any of the five senses partially or completely impacts our human functioning. Traumatic brain injuries impact vision with partial or total vision loss, weakening of eye muscles, double vision, blurry vision, difficulty with distance perception, involuntary eye movements, and sensitivity to light. Hearing difficulties from brain injury include decrease of hearing, loss of hearing, sensitivity to sounds, and ringing in the ears. Those who suffer from traumatic brain injury may also experience loss or diminishes sense of smell. Some may experience loss or diminished sense of taste.


Traumatic brain injury may also cause seizures, which are convulsions associated with epilepsy. There are various types of seizures, and they may include changes in consciousness, sensory perception (symptoms discussed previously), and changes in motor movements. Physical changes resulting from traumatic brain injury include physical paralysis, menstrual difficulties, difficult regulating body temperature, changes in appetite, stamina loss, sleep difficulties, difficulties controlling bowel and bladder movements, and chronic pain. Social-emotional changes may also result from traumatic brain injury. Social-emotional functionality that may be affected includes dependent behaviors, emotional ability, lack of motivation, increased irritability, aggression, depression, and lack of awareness. Traumatic brain injuries, whether minor or severe, are devastating injuries that result after an accident. Traumatic brain injury symptoms may begin to appear within days after the accident, which is one reason why it is essential to seek medical attention immediately after an accident. Traumatic brain injuries may be minor or severe. Traumatic brain injuries involve cognitive defects, speech and language difficulties, changes in sensory perception, seizures, physical changes, and  social-emotional changes. If you believe you are experiencing any of the discussed symptoms, or additional symptoms, contact a personal injury attorney to represent you in the court of law. When hiring a personal injury attorney, look for someone who is experienced with traumatic brain injuries, and an attorney who is eager to obtain compensation for your devastating injuries.



If you or someone you know has been injured as the result of an accident, don’t forget to call the Offices of Kanner & Pintaluga, P.A. by dialing 1-800-586-5555. If you live in Miami, Fort Lauderdale, Ocala, Orlando, Tallahassee, Gainesville, Palm Beach, Jacksonville, Fort Myers, Naples or any other city in Florida, The Law Offices of Kanner & Pintaluga, P.A. can help you get your life back on track if you’ve been injured after a car accident. Make sure to follow The Law Offices of Kanner & Pintaluga P.A. on Twitter (@KPAttorney) and Facebook.